SPAN: how many columns this affects
ALIGN: horizontal alignment
WIDTH: width of the column
BGCOLOR: background color of the column
<COL ...> sets properties for a column of table cells.
<COL ...> is an HTML 4.0 tag. Currently only MSIE and Netscape 6 recognize it.
<COL ...> goes after the
<TABLE ...> tag and before any
<THEAD ...>, or
<TBODY ...> elements. (It may go inside a
<COLGROUP ...> element but it doesn't have to.)
<COL ...> defines the properties of one column, unless you use
SPAN to indicate that it is for more than one
column. So the first
<COL ...> sets the properties for the first
column, the second
<COL ...> sets the properties for the second column,
and so on.
For example, the following code uses three
<COL ...> tags to set properties of the cells in the first, second, and third columns of the table. The first
<COL ...> doesn't do anything except serve a placeholder for the first column. The second
<COL ...> uses the
ALIGN attribute to right align all the cells in the second column. The third
<COL ...> uses
STYLE to set the styles of the cells in the third column so that the font color is red:
<TABLE BORDER CELLPADDING=5>
<TR> <TH>Expense</TH> <TH>Price</TH> <TH>Status</TH> </TR>
<TR> <TD>office suite</TD> <TD>1,343.56</TD> <TD>rental</TD> </TR>
<TR> <TD>cabling</TD> <TD>1.25</TD> <TD>installed</TD> </TR>
which gives us this table:
|Expense ||Price ||Status |
|office suite ||1,343.56 ||rental |
|cabling ||1.25 ||installed |
It's important to be absolutely clear on this point:
Copyright 1997-2002 Idocs Inc. Content in this guide is offered freely to the public under the terms of
the Open Content License and the Open Publication License.
Contents may be redistributed or republished freely under these terms so long as credit to the original creator and
contributors is maintained.
<COL ...> does not create columns. It merely sets the properties of columns that will be defined later in the code. Cells are not "contained" in
<COL ...> elements, they just set attributes which are applied to the cells in that column position.